first_imgA proposal by the Liberian Government through the Civil Service Agency (CSA) to dismiss or reduce by approximately 44,000 civil servants without “unique benefits and timing” has been dismissed by a member of the Public Servants Reform Sector Committee.The reason might have stemmed from the widely publicized dismissal of civil servants amidst the ongoing Ebola health crisis.The Director General of the Liberia Institute of Public Administration (LIPA), Oblayon Blayon Nyemah, clarified that the terms “dismissals or redundancies” of civil servants should rather be “rightsizing,”—meaning rightsizing the right people at the right time.He made the assertions yesterday during the kickoff of the training of 24 newly recruited Directors at the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning (MFDP), during the start of the strategic leadership and management initiative in the public sector.Mr. Nyemah said LIPA, Civil Service Agency (CSA), and the Governance Reform (GR) are brainstorming to expeditiously “rightsize” civil servants to keep them from being detrimental to the society.But he failed to state when the government would implement the “unique rightsizing” of civil servants. “It’s important to reform the public sector, but there should be a unique approach in which all the parties involved are satisfied, and that is what we are working on,” the LIPA boss said.Some political pundits believe that the change of terminology from downsizing to rightsizing is due to the fact that downsizing is a reactive process, meaning it is a depressing, destructive process.“Being put in the position of having to lay people off is not pleasant for any manager. When you are coping with downsizing, it can appear that your time and effort is nonproductive. Downsizing can be disruptive to ongoing operations because people need to spend time undoing and redoing things that used to work,” Mr. Daniel Gray of Stephen Tolbert Estate said.While other pundits believe that although the phrase “rightsizing” has been used in some organizations as a euphemism for “downsizing” to make it seem more pleasant than it is, they are not the same thing.“Rightsizing is proactive and needs to be a constant part of the process of managing an organization,” Elijah Konah of Freeport argued.However, the National Legislature recently rejected the proposal for the “rightsizing” of civil servants in the midst of the Ebola crisis.  But the Executive Branch, through CSA Director General George Werner, earlier clarified that the laying off of thousands of government workers with the aim of maintaining an “efficient, effective and small size public service” is just a proposal.Mr. Werner said the proposed workforce reduction “was presented to President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and her Cabinet, but was not endorsed or approved.”“We need a civil service that is professional and operates within a rational pay system. What this will do is improve wages because there are many government employees that are not providing the services they are being paid for,” Werner said.Established in 1969, LIPA is the government’s center for capacity building of civil servants and the institutions at which they work.Speaking to the newly recruited directors at the MFPD, the LIPA boss said they should be proud of the continuous capacity building and should act accordingly as principal Directors, the highest-ranking civil servants.On behalf the directors, the Aspiring Director for Communication, Zoegar Jaynes, said the newly recruited directors are all employees of the former Ministry of Finance but were recently recruited through a competitive vetting process to improve the newly established MFDP.He said the training was in compliance with their responsibility to be aware of the public sector as it relates to the Code of Conduct, the Public Financial Management Law and Regulations, Public Procurement Law and Management and Effective Organizational Communication and Time Management as well as Introduction to Public Sector Reforms, Civil Service Standing Order and Public Administration, amongst others.The Directors have been classified into four groups: Departments of Fiscal Affairs, Administration, Economic Management and Budget & Planning.The Department of Fiscal Affairs has nine distinct operational offices to include, Directors of Non-Tax Revenue, Indirect Taxation, Modeling &Forecast, Direct Taxes, Fiscal Decentralization, Financial Approval, Treasury Services, Financial Regulations and Accounting Services. The Department of Budget & Development Planning has the second largest operational squad, namely the Directors of Budget Policy & Coordination, Social and Community Services, Economic Services, Public Administration Services, Regional & Sectoral Services, Public Investment, Monitoring & Evaluation and Planning, Development & Coordination.Others include the Directors of Administration, Human Resource, Budget and Finance Integrity, which are under the Department of Administration; while the Directors of Aid Management, Economic Policy and Microeconomics and Financial Policy are part of the Department of Economic Management.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

first_imgIt is a case that has many lawyers debating which is more costly: spending thousands of US dollars to prosecute the theft US$34.50 worth of goods; or setting a precedent of leniency against petty theft. Monrovia Club Breweries has sued three of its employees accused of stealing six gallons of draft stout with a market value of L$3,450 (US$34.50) to Criminal Court ‘C’ for prosecution. The company in its lawsuit, dated 2011, claimed that at their premises in Duala, Bushrod Island, the defendants without the consent of their employer stole six gallons of draft stout. The trial could not take place yesterday because lawyers representing the employees asked the court to allow them to review the prosecutor’s charges against their clients; a request which was accepted.The case has been rescheduled for today, December 6.Defendants Augustine Jankpolo, Daniel Blay and Clarence Williams face the charges of theft of property and criminal conspiracy, but Williams is the only one being tried as the whereabouts of his codefendants remain unknown.Besides, the Monrovia Club Breweries and defendant Williams have spent more than US$2,000 to hire lawyers to represent their respective legal interests in a case involving less than US$35 in damages. Many legal experts, who pleaded not to be identified, described the matter as “disappointing and a waste of resources.”One of the lawyers even argued that hearing such a matter is meant to delay the court from hearing serious criminal cases.“This matter should have been heard at the level of the Magisterial Court and not the Circuit,” the lawyer argued.“How was this indictment prepared? Did the Magisterial Court even have the opportunity to hear it before the indictment was prepared?” another lawyer wondered.Monrovia Club Breweries further claimed that co-defendants Blay and Williams admitted to receiving some portion of the stolen property.It was based on these points that the Montserrado County grand jury indicted Blay, Williams and Jankpolo for the commission of the crimes theft of property and criminal conspiracy.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

first_imgResidents of Laghey may know if their post office is to open again soon when they meet management from An Post in September.The much-needed service has been closed now for more than six weeks after a note appeared on the office window.The sign simply informed customers that due to circumstances beyond An Post’s control, the post office was closed. Management are making no official comment on the matter but it is believed an incident at the post office is being investigated.A committee set-up by local residents following the closure of the post office has now been told that management at An Post will meet them to discuss the matter.A public meeting held recently in the village was attended by more than 100 people including Deputies Thomas Pringle and Pearse Doherty.Because management form An Post are on holiday leave at present, no date could be given for the meeting. EndsLAGHEY RESIDENTS HOPING AN POST BOSSES WILL DELIVER ON MEETING SOON was last modified: August 26th, 2011 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:An Postlaghey post officelast_img read more

first_imgEmmet Rushe is regarded as one of the top fitness coaches in the country. His attention to detail and dedicated approach to helping people reach their fitness and weight goals, has made Rushe Fitness one of the most popular in the North-West. This is his ‘My Donegal.’ What is your favourite place in Donegal and why?Glenveagh. It is a complete shut off on a Sunday morning. No phone coverage, time with the family and the landscape changes with each season, so you never get bored with the view. If you could change one thing about Donegal what would it be?Road network.Seamus Coleman or Michael Murphy?Michael Murphy. Who is the one person in Donegal who you look up to and why?My parents. They raised us with nothing and instilled values in me like, honesty, work ethic and respect.What’s your happiest memory in Donegal?The birth of my children.Your nomination for Donegal’s most stylish person? Patrick Gildea. Never goes with the norm.Favourite journey in Donegal?The walk down to Glenveagh Castle.Football Special or Kinnegar Beer? NeitherWhat has been Donegal’s proudest moment in recent years?Winning the 2012 All IrelandWhat is your favourite Donegal-made product?Donegal Rapeseed OilWho is Donegal’s greatest ambassador around the world and why?It would be a toss up between Enya and Daniel O Donnell. Two humble people who don’t flaunt their net worth and seem to actually be genuinely nice people.Who is your favourite Donegal sportsperson of all time?Have to go with fellow Lifford man Shay Given.What is your favourite Donegal restaurant?The Lemon TreeWhat is your favourite Donegal saying or expression?What’s the craic, HiWhat is the biggest challenge facing the people of Donegal today?Being left out when it comes to decisions being made in government. I don’t accept nonsense or political speel. Donegal people need to fight for what they deserve and stop voting in representatives because Daddy did, or he got you a pothole fixed that one time at band camp.What is your favourite food that you associate with Donegal?Donegal Rapeseed Oil. I use it daily.Is there anything that really annoys you about Donegal or its people?Using where we are situated as an excuse to accept what we are given. Our broadband and roads are years behind other countries. You can get 4G on Everest, I can barely get a signal in parts of Donegal.If you had a million euro to improve something in Donegal, what would it be?Infrastructure and Broadband. Although I’d need another few zeros to do that.Where’s the most unusual place you’ve logged on to Donegal Daily?Top of MuckishIs there anything about Donegal that you are very proud of? How we rally around to help local charities.My Donegal – with Fitness Guru Emmet Rushe was last modified: June 22nd, 2017 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:emmet rusheMY DONEGALlast_img read more

first_imgGlenswilly GAA notesChampionship quarter-finalAll roads lead to O’Donnell Park on Saturday, September 24th when the seniors face MacCumhaills in the Michael Murphy Sports and Leisure Senior Championship quarter final. The throw-in is at 4pm so let’s get behind the lads and shout them on to a semi-final spot. Good league winWell Done to the players and management on Sunday afternoon on beating Ardara in the division One league. The final score was Glenswilly 1-12 v 2-5 Ardara. We have two more must win games left in the division 1 league when we face Termon at home and Dungloe away. Details of these game are not yet available.ThirdsCongratulations to the Third team on winning the Division 5 League on Wednesday night. Well done to all the players and management. They beat Glenfinn on Wednesday to seal the league. Final score Glenfinn 2-5 v 3-13 Glenswilly. Next up for the Thirds is the Michael Murphy Sports and Leisure Senior C Championship against MacCumhaills on Sunday 2nd October at 12pm venue not yet decided.U13sGlenswilly v McCumhaills at 6.30pm in Glenswilly. this is a rescheduled game from last Sunday.Friday September 16 at 7pm St Michaels v Glenswilly B at the Bridge DunfanaghyU9 and U11Saturday 10th September 11.00 amDonegal Animal Hospital U11 Semi FinalBuncrana Gaa Club Og V GlenswillyThe Scarvey, Buncrana. Minors Semi FinalThe Glenswilly minor team face Milford in the Division 2 Championship at home in the Glen on Friday evening with at 6pm throw in. (Extra Time if Required)LadiesLadies have also reached the league final and play Noamh Mhuire in two weeks time date time and venue to be decided. LottoThe winner of the club lotto last week was Pat Doherty of Orchard Grove in Letterkenny who matched three numbers. The winning numbers were 1,12,16 and 20. Club lottos are available in all local outlets each week.JivingJIVING LESSONS will start int he Club hall from 23rd Sept to 4th November 8pm -10pm and there for also be a dance on the 28th October in the Station House Hotel for all the new jivers.Just a reminder for all teams playing or training on a Wednesday nights if they can please park your cars on the track around the pitch. The gates will be open to allow all players and supporters to park around the track. This is due to the traffic congestion during the bingo times.The bingo continues in the hall each and every Wednesday starting at 9pm.GAA: Glenswilly rally support for championship quarter-final was last modified: September 13th, 2016 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

first_imgWest Ham are interested in signing Rafinha from Barcelona this summer, according to reports.Rafinha, the midfielder, is one of the players Barca are looking to sell this summer, having spent the second half of last season on loan at Inter of Milan. Cavani ‘agrees’ to join new club and will complete free transfer next summer Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ Tottenham, Arsenal and Liverpool have all been linked with moving for the twice-capped Brazil international previously, while there were also suggestions Inter could make Rafinha’s signing a permanent one.However, according to Mundo Deportivo, West Ham are the club that have shown ‘most interest’ in securing Rafinha’s services this summer as Manuel Pellegrini continues working to improve the squad he inherited at the London Stadium. IN DEMAND The 25-year-old likely has no future at Camp Nou, although he will be part of their pre-season tour as he awaits his departure. He wishes to be guaranteed consistent football as he was at Inter, which is never going to happen while remaining at Barca. The biggest market value losers in 2019, including Bale and ex-Liverpool star 2 Rafinha impressed playing on loan at Inter last summer Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland Pellegrini has been busy strengthening West Ham’s playing squad Liverpool’s signings under Michael Edwards – will Minamino be the next big hit? Chelsea confident of beating Man United and Liverpool to Sancho signing REVEALED RANKED LIVING THE DREAM targets Kevin De Bruyne ‘loves Man City and wants to keep winning’, reveals father 2 targets Where every Premier League club needs to strengthen in January Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti moving on three-way race Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade TOP WORK LATEST The Hammers have already completed seven signings this summer, bringing in goalkeeper Lukasz Fabianski, defenders Issa Diop, Ryan Fredericks and Fabian Balbuena, and midfielders Jack Wilshere, Andriy Yarmolenko and Felipe Anderson. Latest transfer newslast_img read more

first_imgA man was arrested yesterday following a significant drugs seizure in the Twin Towns. Gardaí uncovered a haul of drugs and a BB gun in a search in the Ballybofey/Stranorlar area on Tuesday.Approximately €17,500 worth of cannabis, €350 of cocaine, a BB hand-gun and a sum of cash together with other drug paraphernalia was seized during the search, which was carried out by the Letterkenny District Drugs Unit. One man was arrested in relation to the seizure. He was later released from Garda custody and a file will be prepared for the DPP. Garda raid uncovers €18,000 worth of drugs in Twin Towns was last modified: July 13th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Many different segments of industry across America are curious as to how the policies of a new and quite unorthodox Trump Administration will affect them and their businesses. For the agriculture sector, an advisory committee that includes two prominent Ohioans, will help set the tone for policy that pertains to rural America.Plain City, Ohio’s Fred Yoder has been farming in Union County for over 40 years raising corn, soybeans and wheat. In the mid 1990s, Yoder served as president of the Ohio Corn and Wheat Growers Association and then took leadership roles at the national level as the Chairman of the National Corn Growers Association’s (NCGA) Biotech Working Group and then President of NCGA.“In the role as NCGA president I was able to get involved with other state organizationsFred Yoderand I learned that there are a lot of similarities and many differences as well,” Yoder said. “I’m a big believer in coalitions and talking things out. One of the things that I am most proud of was being a trade representative for NCGA and working out some differences with NAFTA in Mexico City where we negotiated a settlement for high fructose corn syrup to Mexico and Mexican sugar coming into the United States.“There was a complete difference of opinion, but we got the job done.”Yoder hopes that type of attitude will begin to change the way things are done inside the Beltway and he is encouraged by the new era of politics that President Trump will bring.Over the years, Yoder has gained a large amount of experience and knowledge in different aspects of agriculture, from biotechnology to policy. He says he will be willing to take on whatever role the new Administration will ask of him, but there is one role that Yoder said he would be most excited about and that is a position that dealt with trade.“One of the things that alarmed me about President Trump’s campaign rhetoric is how trade was a disaster and NAFTA is no good and I took exception to that because I knew agriculture has benefited extremely well from NAFTA,” Yoder said. “I know now that he isn’t anti-trade, he just wants to make sure that all of America benefits from trade.”Yoder joins a list of who’s who in agriculture on this committee and hopes that rural America is comfortable with who has President Trump’s ear when it comes to issues important to them.“Mr. Trump has told the committee that he doesn’t know much about agriculture but he trusts who was named to the group and if we do our job he’ll leave us alone and if we don’t he’ll fire us,” Yoder said. “My goal is to make sure that the Midwest is represented and I think we need some people that understand the full picture and how important the right policies are for us to flourish.”Also joining Yoder on Trump’s Agriculture Advisory Committee is Pickaway County’s Bill Richards, known by many as the grandfather of no-till in Ohio.Bill Richards, left, being recognized by ODNR.Richards graduated from The Ohio State University in 1953 with no farm background to speak of, but had a strong desire to become a farmer. After marrying a farm girl, he and his new bride bought a rough piece of Pickaway County ground.“Out of 325 acres there was only about 140 that we could farm,” Richards said. “We bought the land on a shoestring and used machinery off of the Dad’s machinery lot and got started.”Richards was taught early on that there were not too many good reasons to till the land, except for weed control. That was right around the time that atrazine and 2-4D were introduced.“We made an effort early on to cut down on tillage,” Richards said. “It was the early 1960s when we developed a till plant system that would be called strip tillage today.”One of the first trips to Washington for Richards was as part of the “Farmers for Nixon” campaign. Then decades later, troubles with the 1985 Farm Bill and a large farmer rebellion led Richards back to D.C.“I’ve always liked the idea of getting involved in politics and having farmers represented,” Richards said. “When asked to serve on this advisory committee I was honored to do so and I welcomed the opportunity.”The message he hoped to get across to President Trump’s administration is that farm programs should be designed for a voluntary, not a regulatory approach.“I want to let the President know that we can produce enough food to feed the world and that exporting ag products is a necessity,” Richards said. “We also have the opportunity to sequester carbon to help balance out the carbon that comes from the coal and oil industries.”Richards echoes Yoder’s hopes that trade will be looked upon favorably, especially when it comes to farm commodities.“The Corn Belt has entered a cycle of surplus corn and soybeans,” Richards said. “I hope that the President will use that surplus as an opportunity to generate trade from our country to level out the trade deficits we are seeing within other industries in the United States.”While there are clearly very divergent opinions about Donald Trump, many in Ohio agriculture can get behind the involvement of these two well-respected agriculturalists and the wealth of experience they bring to the advisory committee for the new administration.last_img read more

first_imgI’m in Portland, Maine, for the North American Passive House Network conference. Yesterday morning I walked a few blocks from my hotel to the conference site, through downtown Portland.The old commercial district here has lots of handsome old three-story and four-story brick buildings. I love to look at the details on these older buildings. At first glance, it may appear that architectural ornament has been randomly applied to these façades; but if one pays attention, it soon becomes clear that most of these façade elements have a function.Older brick buildings with parapets always include an overhang detail to keep rain off the façade. Although these overhangs may be only 12 to 16 inches wide, they effectively move the drip line of the edge flashing away from the plane of the bricks.Many of these buildings include masonry details at every floor — details which interrupt the plane of the brickwork to kick water outward.In most of these older buildings, the windows are “innies,” so that the wood sash are protected from rain.These details may seem minor, but they all serve to protect the bricks from freeze/thaw damage and to limit window rot.The arched stonework at the window heads protects the windows, while the stone sills kick rain out from the plane of the façade.But something strange happened in 1950. In that year, every architect in the country forgot all of the water management lessons that architects had learned in the previous 500 years. Look at the pathetic window “detailing” for this modern brick building.Water is dribbling off the corner of the sill and staining the bricks below.When a brick façade is unprotected by a roof overhang, rain is guaranteed to soak the bricks, with predictable (and unsightly) results.Of all… Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details. Start Free Trial Already a member? Log incenter_img This article is only available to GBA Prime Memberslast_img read more

first_imgA strange type of star never before found near the Milky Way’s center is providing new clues about the bizarre behavior of the supermassive black hole lurking at the heart of our galaxy.The black hole, known as Sagittarius A* (Sgr A* for short), is as massive as 4 million suns and is thought to have played a critical role in shaping the Milky Way. Yet it somehow devours only a tiny fraction of its available food supply—a smorgasbord of gas and dust cast off by nearby stars, notes radio astronomer Heino Falcke of Radboud University Nijmegen in the Netherlands. That’s a puzzle astronomers have been trying to solve for years.Observations of an elderly, rapidly rotating star known as a pulsar in the vicinity of Sgr A* have now provided the first sensitive measure of the magnetic field associated with the black hole. The strength of that field may help account for Sgr A*’s poor eating habits, Falcke and his colleagues report online today in Nature.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Pulsars reveal the magnetic field in neighboring reaches of space because they typically emit polarized light—radio waves that vibrate in a particular plane as they travel through space. When the waves pass through a magnetized region, the polarization changes direction in proportion to the strength of the local magnetic field.That’s why Falcke and his colleagues rushed to the Effelsberg radio observatory near Bonn, Germany, last April when two x-ray spacecraft hinted at the presence of a pulsar only a third of a light-year from Sgr A*. “People have been trying to find a pulsar around the galactic center for decades,” Falcke notes.Using Effelsberg and several other radio telescopes to measure the polarization of the pulsar, the team found that the magnetic field near the star is at least 2.6 milligauss. Although that’s only about 2% of the magnetic field at the surface of Earth, it’s still surprisingly large, Falcke says. Moreover, much closer to the black hole, the field could be as great as several hundred gauss, the team estimates.“We always knew the magnetic field was important but we never quite knew how strong to dial it in in our models,” says theoretical astrophysicist Christopher Reynolds of the University of Maryland, College Park, who was not part of the study. Gas and dust pulled close to a black hole resists falling directly into the gravitational maw because it possesses rotational energy, or angular momentum—the same reason that Earth doesn’t fall directly into the sun. Small magnetic fields generate a kind of turbulent friction that robs the gas and dust of some of its angular momentum, facilitating its infall. But according to some models, larger magnetic fields, comparable to that estimated in the new study, may act in the opposite fashion, suppressing the infall of material and potentially placing a black hole on a starvation diet, Reynolds says.Every large galaxy is believed to house a supermassive black hole, and the masses of the galaxy and the central black hole grow in lockstep, numerous observations have shown. Gaining a better understanding of how much mass black holes accrete may therefore provide new insight on how galaxies pack on the pounds, astronomers note.The new magnetic measurement will also need to be taken into account as a slew of telescopes track a gas cloud called G2, which is expected to fall onto Sgr A* sometime next year. The light show that G2’s demise may produce and just how quickly the cloud will accrete “will be very strongly dependent on the magnetic field,” Reynolds says.last_img read more