…says additional training for financial analysts to boost capacityThe Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU), even prior to a formal Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), had been able to establish a relationship with a number of stakeholder agencies that have been sharing information with the entity.FIU DirectorMatthew LangevineThis is according to the FIU Director, Matthew Langevine, who in a recent interview with Guyana Times stated that the mandate of the Unit is to facilitate the detection, prevention and deterrence of money laundering, and financing of terrorist activity in Guyana and to date, it has been successful in this regard.“We have been doing very well in terms of executing our mandate, receiving information, analysing information, putting out intelligence reports. Also, in completing guidelines so that the competent authorities and other reporting entities will ensure that they are following the requirements of a good and effective Anti-Money Laundering/Countering the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) programme. In 2018, we have had outreaches throughout the country, a number of training sessions, and the developing staff within the FIU,” Langevine said.He explained that the FIU’s financial analysts over the past year have benefitted from significant additional training which will improve their effectiveness in conducting and completing intelligence reports.“We have been doing a number of things to improve the effectiveness of not only the FIU but the AML/CFT regime as a whole,” he added.It is expected that the recent inking of MoUs with several agencies and the upcoming signings of such that the regulatory framework stipulated within the agreements will better equip the FIU and enhance the performance of the Unit which will ultimately lead to successful prosecutions and convictions.The FIU of Guyana is an autonomous body responsible for requesting, receiving, analysing and disseminating suspicious transaction reports and other information relating to money laundering, terrorist financing or the proceeds of crime. It was established and operates within the ambit of the Anti-Money Laundering and Countering the Financing of Terrorism Act (AMLCFTA) 2009 and its Regulations.The Act authorises the FIU to request and receive information from any reporting entity, any supervisory agency and any law enforcement agency or any other competent authority in Guyana.The FIU compiles reports for competent and law enforcement authorities if there are reasonable grounds to suspect that transactions involve money laundering, proceeds of crime or terrorist financing.It also extends legal assistance to foreign jurisdictions with respect to production orders, property tracking, monitoring, and forfeiture or confiscation orders.Earlier this month it was reported that the FIU has submitted its annual report to the Finance Ministry, as the Unit has revealed that financial crimes involving over $8 billion worth of illicit money were reported to it for the 2018 fiscal year.
Tjaronn Chery’s well taken goal and Junior Hoilett’s penalty put QPR in a commanding position at Loftus Road.Chery, recalled to the starting line-up by boss Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink, struck 10 minutes before half-time – his sixth goal of the season and second in three matches.James Perch pulled the ball back from the left and Chery showed great composure to steady himself and fire low into the far corner.And Hoilett doubled the lead from the spot four minutes later after Sebastian Polter had been brought down by Michael Morrison.Polter, preferred to Conor Washington up front, turned away from Paul Robinson and Morrison was arguably fortunate to escape with just a yellow card after bringing down the German as he was about to shoot.Earlier, Chery’s deflected shot flashed narrowly wide and Birmingham’s David Cotterill fired wide after being picked out by Jacques Mahoma.QPR: Smithies, Onuoha, Angella, Hall, Perch, Henry, Luongo, Phillips, Chery, Hoilett, Polter.Subs: Ingram, El Khayati, Konchesky, Tozser, Washington, Petrasso, Faurlin.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
22 October 2004A website developed to find ways for South Africans to help prevent, manage and minimise the impact of child abuse recently celebrated its second anniversary.The Volunteer Child Network offers volunteers in the fight against child abuse access to a range of information, including contact details of organisations that are active in preventing and reducing child abuse.According to the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), the database of participating organisations has grown from 150 at the time of the launch in 2002 to over 500.People who wish to volunteer their services can log onto the site to look up their preferred organisation.“The website facilitates the matching of skills and preferences of volunteers to the specific needs of organisations that recruit, train, manage or deploy such volunteers”, the CSIR’s Crime Prevention Centre, a partner in the initiative, said in a statement.Other partners include the Office on the Rights of the Child in the Presidency; the sexual offences and community affairs office of the National Prosecuting Authority; the Department of Justice and the Department of Social Development.The Network was formed in 2001 after a series of seminars involving government, NGOs and civil society.Source: BuaNews
Building science is an odd subject. Few colleges and universities teach it. The majority of those who work on buildings call themselves engineers, architects, and contractors, not building scientists. And many of those who do invoke the term can explain at least one implication of the second law of thermodynamics (we’ll get to that below) but may not know what the other laws of thermodynamics are, why their numbering is so peculiar, or even how many there are. Do you?Well, today let’s address this deficiency. If you’re going to speak of one of the laws of thermodynamics, it’s your duty at least to know the others well enough to tell a curious person what they are and which ones have some bearing in the world of building science. Before we launch into this subject, though, let’s get a little perspective on thermodynamics from the physicist Arnold Sommerfeld:Thermodynamics is a funny subject. The first time you go through it, you don’t understand it at all. The second time you go through it, you think you understand it, except for one or two points. The third time you go through it, you know you don’t understand it, but by that time you are so used to the subject, it doesn’t bother you anymore. RELATED ARTICLESWhy Doesn’t Heat Flow Backwards?Heat Pumps: The Basics Video Series: Building Science Principles With that, let’s begin at the beginning, sort of. The first of the laws of thermodynamics is not the first law of thermodynamics. (I told you it was peculiar!) It is…The zeroth law of thermodynamicsLet’s start with the obvious question: Why isn’t it called the first law of thermodynamics? As it happened, this law was discovered after the first and second laws but considered to be more fundamental. So we have a zeroth law.Now, the statement of the zeroth law:If two systems each are in thermal equilibrium with a third, they are in thermal equilibrium with each other.And that, of course, raises the question of the definition of thermal equilibrium. Let’s start with a glass of lukewarm water. If you drop an ice cube into it, is the ice in thermal equilibrium with the water? No. It absorbs heat from the water.But if we think about that ice cube sitting in the freezer before we pulled it out. The ice is surrounded by cold air in the freezer. Once the ice has been in the freezer long enough to freeze completely and then reach the same temperature as the air in the freezer, no heat transfer happens between the ice cube and the freezer air. Now we have a case of thermal equilibrium.Thus, two systems that are in thermal equilibrium are at the same temperature, are in thermal contact with each other, and have no net heat flow from one to the other. One consequence of the zeroth law is that temperature measurements are kind of a big deal.The first law of thermodynamicsDepending on how you’ve come to the field of building science, you may have encountered this law. If you studied physics or engineering, you’ve no doubt seen all four laws of thermodynamics. If you instead arrived by a different route, this one may be new to you.In thermodynamics, the first law is stated as a relation among heat, work, and internal energy. Let’s forgo that formality and technical detail here and cut to the fundamental principle that’s important to building science: Energy can be neither created nor destroyed.Yep. The first law of thermodynamics is a formulation of the law of conservation of energy. It has many applications in building science.Let’s begin with how we heat buildings. If it’s with a gas furnace, the fuel has a certain amount of chemical energy. When the gas gets to the burner and ignites, it changes form. The chemical reaction creates heat, which raises the temperature of the exhaust gases. Those exhaust gases travel through the heat exchanger, increasing the temperature of that hunk of metal. The blower then blows air over the heat exchanger, extracting heat from the metal and then sending it through the ducts.Every bit of chemical energy converted to heat ends up somewhere. Ideally, you want as much of that heat as possible to end up in your house, but not all of it does. Some goes up the flue with the exhaust gases. Better heat exchangers capture more of the heat for use in the house, but all furnaces send at least some heat up the flue. Another way you lose heat is when your ducts go through unconditioned space. The bottom line, though, is that if you burn 100 units of chemical energy, you get 100 units of heat.Here’s another way the first law works in buildings. Consider a ceiling fan. In summer, you turn it on to create a nice breeze blowing over your skin to cool you off. What happens with the energy is that you’re actually heating up the room. In this case, the incoming energy is electrical. The fan motor converts it to mechanical energy, the moving fan blades. But it doesn’t do convert electricity to motion at 100% efficiency. The wires in the fan motor have resistance, which creates some heat. Thus, some of the electricity is turned into heat right away. The rest of the electrical energy becomes mechanical energy, but even that eventually becomes heat. So all of the electricity you use to run the ceiling fan actually heats up the room, which is why it does no good to leave them on when no one is there to feel the breeze.In his book, Buildings Don’t Lie, Henry Gifford advises readers on how to use the first law of thermodynamics to understand energy saving features and to sniff out scams. For a product to save energy, he says, you have to know where the energy is going before using that product. Insulation, for example, reduces the amount of heat lost from a building in winter, with a corresponding reduction in the amount of heat you have to add to the building to maintain comfort. If you can’t identify clearly the path of energy conversions, Gifford says, “the proposed energy-saving measure should be viewed with skepticism.”Take Amish fireplaces, for example. Although they’re marketed as great energy savers, there’s nothing about them that saves energy over any other electric resistance heater. They all convert electricity to heat at 100% efficiency (like a ceiling fan). The only way to save energy with a space heater is if you turn off the heat in the rest of the house.The second law of thermodynamicsOnce scientists figured out the first law of thermodynamics, they began to see that it would allow all manner of bizarre things to happen. Let’s go back to our glass of lukewarm water. It would not violate the first law for the water in the bottom half of the glass to get cold, possibly even freezing into a block of ice. For that to happen, the water in the top part of the glass would have to get hot, maintaining the same amount of thermal energy in the glass.Ever seen that happen? No. It may not violate the first law, but we know from our own direct experience that things like that just don’t happen. That’s where the second law of thermodynamics comes in. This one is a bit more complex and has several, equivalent, formulations. We could geek out over heat engines, Carnot efficiency, entropy, and the arrow of time, but for the purposes of building science, the statement of the second law by Rudolf Clausius is the one of most significance: Heat can never pass from a colder to a warmer body without some other change, connected therewith, occurring at the same time.In winter, the heat from our fireplace naturally wants to move to the outdoors. Heat in the outdoor air doesn’t make its way into our house “without some other change.” We can get heat from the outdoor air to heat our home with a heat pump, but that piece of equipment has other stuff going on and doesn’t violate the second law. But even then, when you look at how it really works, heat still flows from the warmer to the cooler object. (For more details, see my article on how a heat pump gets heat from cold.)Heat moving from hot to cold is the implication of the second law of thermodynamics I alluded to in the first paragraph. It’s taught in many introductory building science classes, as well as extrapolations from the flow of heat to the flow of moisture (wet to dry) and air (high pressure to low pressure).Going just a wee bit beyond building science, the second law of thermodynamics implies that the ultimate fate of the universe is heat death. Given sufficient time, all the energy of the universe will end up spread out uniformly, with everything at the same temperature. That assumes the universe is an isolated system, of course. If our universe is simply a speck of matter in some larger universe, our fate may depend on what happens there, much as an ant’s fate might depend on which way that kid points the magnifying glass.The third law of thermodynamicsThis one’s pretty simple:The absolute zero of temperature is unattainable.This law is a direct consequence of the second law. One formulation says that heat engines can never be operated at 100% efficiency, with an equation defining the maximum efficiency as the Carnot efficiency:e = 1 – TC / THTC and TH are the temperatures of the cold and hot reservoirs, respectively. If the cold reservoir were at a temperature of absolute zero, the efficiency would be 100%. But the second law makes it pretty clear that can’t happen. VoilÃ ! We need another law of thermodynamics!Building science and thermodynamicsBuilding science is concerned with heat flow through building enclosures and heat supplied to or removed from conditioned space. The laws of thermodynamics lay down the fundamental rules for understanding heat, and that means if you want to understand building science better, you need to know some thermodynamics. When you get far enough into it that you know you don’t understand it but are used to it, then you’ve made serious progress in your education! Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, building science consultant, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. You can follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard.
A 19-year-old girl, a high achiever in board exams, was abducted and allegedly gang-raped by three men belonging to her native village here. One of the accused is an army constable, said the family.The incident took place on September 12 when the teenaged girl, a B.Sc (I) student at a government college, went to neighbouring Mahendergarh district with her father for a coaching class.Recalling the incident, the girl’s father, a Physical Training Instructor at a private school, said the trio was following them from their village in a car and two motorcycles and accosted the girl when she got down from the bus at Kinana bus stop around 8 a.m. “The accused inquired her about her coaching and then offered her a drink laced with sedatives. She passed out and the trio then took her to her native village and raped her at a tubewell in the fields,” said the father.He alleged that one of the accused also called his friends who also raped the girl. “The girl identified the three men. There were around 7-8 more boys from the village involved in the crime,” he alleged.One of the trio then took the victim back to the bus stand, where she was abducted, and called her family over phone to inform that she was not well. Her mother and brother then went to pick her up from the bus stand.Besides being good at academics, the girl also played Kabbadi and Baseball at state level, the family claimed.Accusing the police of laxity, the victim’s family alleged that the Rewari Police took around 24 hours to transfer the Zero FIR registered by them to their Mahendergarh counterparts allowing the accused enough time to escape. The police, however, denied the allegations.The father claimed that one of the accused even came to their house on Thursday morning and threatened him. The fellow villagers accompanying the victim’s family alleged that the said accused was earlier involved in 4-5 rape cases in the village, but victims’ belonged to poor families and did not report the matter.Senior Medical Officer, Civil Hospital, Rewari, Sudersan Panwar, said the teenager was stable but depressed. He said that her medical condition would be reviewed late at night.Mahendergarh Superintendent of Police, Vinod Kumar said that several teams were constituted to arrest the accused who were on the run.
Ban on single-use plastic came into effect in all urban areas of Odisha on Wednesday on the occasion of 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. Manufacture, sale, trade, import, storage, transportation and distribution of single-use plastics are prohibited as per a notification issued by Odisha Forest and Environment Department on September 30, an official said. The ban is imposed on polythene carry bags of any shape, thickness and size (excluding compostable), Polyethylene Terephthalate (Pet/Pete) bottles of less than 200 ml capacity, he said. The vendors will not be allowed to use polythene sheets of less than 50-micron thickness for storing, transporting, dispensing or packaging of any article or commodity.
Virat Kohli had reserved a special treat for his home fans in Delhi as he reached a major landmark in the ongoing third Test against Sri Lanka at the Feroz Shah Kotla on Saturday.Kohli breached the 5000-run barrier in the longest format on Day 1 of the Test match in his 105th innings and became the joint 14th-quickest to reach the landmark.Kohli is the 11th Indian batsman to complete 5000 runs in Test cricket and the fourth quickest among Indians to achieve the feat. Cheteshwar Pujara is the next Indian batsman in line to reach the 5000-run mark.Former captain Sunil Gavaskar is the quickest Indian to score 5000 runs as he did it in 95 innings followed by Virender Sehwag (99) and Sachin Tendulkar (103).Quickest to 5000 Test runs for Indiainns95 Sunil Gavaskar98 Virender Sehwag103 Sachin Tendulkar105 Virat Kohli#IndvSL- Mohandas Menon (@mohanstatsman) December 2, 2017Before the start of the third Test, Kohli needed just 25 runs to achieve the feat and he got there with a splendid cover drive off Suranga Lakmal which went for a boundary as India reached 134/2 in the 31st over after opting to bat first.5000 and counting… #KingKohli @imVkohli pic.twitter.com/Mn2uRCzad7- BCCI (@BCCI) December 2, 2017Kohli is in the middle of a phenomenal run ever since he took over the Test captaincy from MS Dhoni in early 2015.The 2016-17 home season saw Kohli scoring 1503 runs in 17 Tests at an average of 70.75 with eight centuries and a record four double hundreds in consecutive series.He started with a 200 against West Indies and then scored 211 against New Zealand back in October last year to surpass Gavaskar and hold the record for the most double centuries by an Indian captain.advertisementBut that was just the start of his dominance at home as he continued his form against England with a classy 235 and then took Bangladesh bowlers to the cleaners for a relatively quick-fire 204.Kohli has continued his record-breaking run this year as well. He is also the first captain to smash 10 international hundreds in a calendar year which includes four Test hundreds and six one-day international tons. The 29-year-old also has nine fifties across formats this year.In Nagpur, Kohli also slammed his fifth double hundred in the previous match against Sri Lanka in Nagpur to equal Brian Lara’s record of five double tons by a captain in Test cricket. He joined former South Africa captain Graeme Smith and Rahul Dravid in 12th spot in the list of most double hundreds by batsmen.The list is headed by the legendary Don Bradman (12), followed by Sri Lanka’s Kumar Sangakkara (11) and Lara (9).This year, the 29-year-old Kohli also became the eighth batsman to score 50 international hundreds and if India manage to beat Sri Lanka in this match then Kohli will equal Ricky Ponting’s record of 9 successive series wins as captain.Sri Lanka had held on for a draw in the rain-curtailed first Test at Kolkata before going down by an innings and 239 runs in the second match at Nagpur to hand India a 1-0 lead in the three-match series.
Education Minister, Hon. Rev. Ronald Thwaites, says employment and promotion in the teaching profession must be on the basis of the value that persons can add to the tasks to which they are assigned and not necessarily on their years of service.Rev. Thwaites, who was speaking at the inaugural Research Day at St. Joseph’s Teachers’ College in Kingston, on October 3, assured the trainee teachers that there is a place in the profession for them, particularly for those who excel and have a love for teaching, but a new approach has to be taken.“We have an overflow of teachers for the next two years, but the process of attrition that is underway will mean that by the time many of you graduate, there will be a need for a large number of good teachers. But, we have to think about how we are going to approach enrollment and promotion within the teaching profession,” he said.Meanwhile, the Minister lauded the teacher training institutions for the important role they are playing in the development of the nation.“The teachers’ colleges, unfortunately, have for some time now been the Cinderella of the education system. We haven’t paid enough attention, as a nation, to the extraordinary seminal role and training that takes place right here….What goes on here is of significance to the entire nation and you should see yourselves as critical actors in the process of personal as well as national development,” he said.Looking at the theme of the Research Day, ‘Education for Development: Promoting and Engaging Change Through Research’, Rev. Thwaites pointed out that there is a misnomer in the popular culture that thinks that education is measured simply by the number of CSEC subjects or GSAT passes that is obtained. He said education is a much broader composite of skills. “Yes the successes in the academic subjects are extremely important, but it is much more than that,” he said.The Minister pointed out that the world of work requires a balance of skills now that is quite different from what it was a few years ago and reiterated that the policy of the Ministry going forward is that every high school student, starting in 2016/17, must take the examinations to receive a high school diploma, in addition to having a marketable skill when they graduate.“This is new territory. I am asking that in this and in future research days that you assist us in ensuring that the requisite groundwork, the necessary research has been done, so that we have a broader view of education,” Rev. Thwaites said.In her welcome remarks, Principal, Dr. Gwendolyn Melhado, said the institution’s first Research Day is: “a day when we acknowledge, emphasise, and bring to active awareness the importance of research and its practice to our academic programmes and delivery formats.”Dr. Melhado pointed out that in education, research is critical to scholarly writing, a practice that the college is now demanding of its students and will continue to demand, noting that here at St. Josephs, “we seek to expose our students to various methods of research as they seek to become effective teachers.”Among the research topics up for discussion during the day were: ‘Improving Reading Comprehension Through the use of Computer-Aided Instruction Among Third Graders’; ‘Teachers’ Perception of Selected Attributes of Language Arts in the Revised Primary Curriculum and their Reported use of the Curriculum Guide’; ‘The Jamaica Debt Crisis: Implications for the Development of Human Capital’; ‘Marcus Garvey and the Issue of Values and Attitudes in the Jamaican Society’; and ‘The Relationship Between Fatherless Households and Post Secondary Aspirations of Boys at a Selected High School in Jamaica’.The Jamaica Information Service (JIS) was one of several partners with the college in staging the day’s activities. Others included Victoria Mutual Building Society; The Jamaica Red Cross; HEART Trust/NTA; and Ian Randle Publishers. The Minister pointed out that the world of work requires a balance of skills. The policy of the Ministry going forward is that every high school student must take the examinations to receive a high school diploma. Story Highlights Rev. Thwaites assured the trainee teachers that there is a place in the profession for them.